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ATM

 

MoldATSA” provides safety to air traffic starting with the movement of the aircraft on the ground until its flight at heights above 20 km (FL 660) on whole territory of R.M. (Republic of Moldova). For this purpose air traffic controllers from "MoldATSA" direct aircrafts with great caution in various phases of flight according to complex procedures using advanced technologies .

 Air Traffic Services

  The services are provided in accordance with the provisions contained in the following ICAO

documents: 

  • Annex 2 ----- Rules of the Air
  • Annex 11 --- Air Traffic Services
  • Doc 4444 --- Procedures for Air Navigation Services – Air Traffic Management (PANS-ATM)
  • Doc 8168 --- Procedures for Air Navigation Services – Aircraft Operations (PANS- OPS)
  • Doc 7030 --- Regional Supplementary Procedures

Differences to these provisions are detailed in subsection GEN 1.7 of Republic of Moldova AIP.

 

The objectives :

a) to prevent collisions between aircraft;

b) to prevent collisions between aircraft on the manoeuvring area and obstructions on that area;

c) to expedite and maintain an orderly flow of air traffic;

d) to provide advice and information useful for the safe and efficient conduct of flights;

e) to notify appropriate organizations regarding aircraft in need of search and rescue aid, and assist such organizations as required.

 

The following types of air traffic services are provided :

  • ACC
  • APP
  • TWR
  • FIS
  • ALRS

ACC – Area Control

A unit established to provide air traffic control service to controlled flights in control areas under its jurisdiction. By them, the tasks stated under items a) and c) are fulfilled.

APP – Approach Control

A unit established to provide air traffic control services to controlled flights arriving at, departing from, one or more aerodromes. By them, the tasks stated under items a) and c) are fulfilled.

TWR – Tower Control

A unit established to provide air traffic control services in the aerodrome area. By them, the tasks stated under items a), b) and c) are fulfilled.

FIS – Flight Information Services

They are provided by all air traffic control units (ACC,APP,TWR) . By them, the task stated under item d) is fulfilled.

ALRS – Alerting Services

They are also provided by all air traffic control units. By them , the task stated under item e) is fulfilled.

 

The Structure

       Chisinau FIR includes entire airspace of Republic of Moldova from ground up to FL 660.

  • From FL 285 to FL 660 – upper airspace (class C) (ENR 6.1-3)
  • From FL 055 to FL 285 - lower airspace (class C) (ENR 6.1-1) .

        Air traffic from FL 345 upwards is controlled by ACC 1 . This zone is largely flown by overflights.

       From FL 345 down to FL 055 air traffic control is managed by ACC 2 controllers . In this zone additional to overflights are ussualy flying aircrafts which are in permanent climb and descend aiming to reach their cruising FL or FL to start approach procedure at the airport of destination.

       TMA (class C) occupies horizontally the center of Chisinau FIR from altitude 2500 ft to FL 095 . It is controlled by APP controller serving all departing and arriving traffic from Chisinau airport.

     R.M. contains a total of 4 control zones (CTR) (class C) being controlled by TWR controllers. They are :

  • Chisinau CTR – from ground up to altitude 2500 ft
  • Balti – from ground up to FL 055
  • Marculesti CTR– from ground up to altitude of 3000 ft
  • Cahul CTR – from ground up to FL 055

      From ground to FL 055 (excepting TMA and CTR zones) is uncontrolled airspace (class G) where is offered flight information service executed by ACC 2, Balti TWR and Cahul TWR .

    There are also zones with special use like flight training areas, shooting stands, gliders zones, etc , plus dangerous areas (ex.LU D6) where safe distance from them is always mantained in their active period .

 

R.M. airspace structure

 

ATC Simulator

Airspace is controlled by highly trained people.They are responsible for safety of millions of passangers who are flying in aircrafts. In order to train and keep their skills,  controllers from MoldATSA have at its disposal an up-to-dated simulator that allows them to practice emergency situations, high intensity traffic and to become acquainted with new procedures which are going to be included in day by day work in the near future . At least twice a year they must train together with their shift a full day long, the rest of the year simulator being available to any controller for exercising different situations at their desire.