The effects of weather on aviation started evident from that day on 17 December 1903 when the first successful flights of an engine-powered aircraft were terminated because a gust of wind overturned and damaged the aircraft. It was soon realised that meteorological information was vital for the efficient planning and execution of flights and that weather remains a constant important parameter in aviation operations.
The objective of meteorological service for air navigation shall be contributed towards the safety, regularity and efficiency of air traffic in Moldavian sky. This objective shall be achieved by supplying the following users: operators, flight crew members, air traffic services units, search and rescue services units, airport management and others concerned with the implementation or development of international air navigation, with the meteorological information necessary for the performance of their respective functions.
Aviation Meteorological Service inside the MoldATSA was created in December 1998 as a branch service. According to the Civil Aviation Administration Order №41 from 01 April 1999, MoldATSA has been nominated to provide meteorological support for civil aviation. Aviation Meteorological Service S.E. "MoldATSA" carries out this activity according to the Technical Requirements "Meteorological Service for Civil Air Navigation" based on the ICAO Annex 3 "Meteorological Service for International Air Navigation" and the European Air Navigation Plan. The responsibilities of the MET Service are:
The Aviation Meteorological Service employs 34 people including Head of MET Service, senior specialists and managers of subdivision, forecasters, observers (including meteorological personnel in Subdivisions in Balti and Cahul). All employees have the specialized higher education or specialized secondary education in domain of meteorology.
The aerodrome meteorological observations are provided at Chisinau, Balti, Marculesti and Cahul aerodromes. MoldATSA uses meteorological observing equipment as a timely and accurate source of meteorological information for safe and effective aeronavigation. All types of weather forecasts and warnings are produced by Aviation Meteorological Center which is located in the main office of MoldATSA. The products are designed to meet the requirements of the wide range of aeronautical activities. The information about significant weather for instance thunderstorm, hail, cumulonimbus cloud and heavy shower is presented by Meteorological radar. This information is accessible to ATM controllers, forecasters, observers as well as State Hydrometeorological Service, Emergency Department, Anti-hail Service and Air Defense Staff.
Aviation Meteorological Service successfully provides weather safety in the Moldavian sky over 10 years.